Obesity And Children
Obesity and children now affects upwards of 17% of persons aged 2 to 19 according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). In fact, the rate of obesity and children tripled between the 1980's and the 2000's.
Although there are some genetic and hormonal diseases that can affect obesity and children, the vast majority of cases of obesity in children are due to dietary, enviornmental and activity level causes.
Defined as BMI in 95th percentile
Obesity and children is defined as a body mass index (BMI) in the 95th percentile meaning that 95% of children of the same age and sex have a lower BMI than the child in question.
It is always important to consult with a pediatrician when a child gains a significant amount of weight. The child should be screened for diseases that can present with obesity such as Prado-Willi Syndrome, Cushing's Syndrome, Bardet-Biedel Syndrom, and leptin and melanocortin hormonal imbalances.
Obesity and children puts kids them at risk for the same types of diseases as obese adults face including metabolic syndrome, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, asthma, and sleep disorders.
Obesity and children can also lead to low self-esteem, bullying, and depression. It should be addressed by parents and healthcare providers because of the serious risks it poses.