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Causes of Dehydration

In this Section:

Water Funtion in the Body

Causes of Dehydration

Symptoms of Dehydration

Prevention of Dehydration

Fluid Retention

Sodium and Potassium

  • Not enough fluid intake

  • Illness - fever, sweating, vomiting, diarrhea

  • Diuretics - deplete water, electrolytes (sodium,
    potassium) and minerals

  • Laxative abuse with diarrhea - You lose lots
    of fluids and electrolytes but still absorb more
    than 90% of the calories

  • Hot weather and sweating

  • Exercise and sweating - adequate fluid intake
    and blood volume are necessary to sweat and to
    carry away heat from hot muscles

  • Caffeine - acts as a diuretic to increase quantity
    of urine

  • Alcoholic beverages - alcohol acts as a diuretic.
    You also need 8 oz of water to help metabolize
    1 oz of alcohol

  • A starvation diet or inadequate carbohydrates
    can cause dehydration even if you drink adequate

  • Diets high in protein, salt, or fiber


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